Aaon, Inc (AAON) - Description of business
AAON, Inc., a Nevada corporation, was incorporated on August 18, 1987.
The Company (including its subsidiaries) is engaged in the manufacture and sale of air-conditioning and heating equipment consisting of standardized and custom rooftop units, chillers, air-handling units, make-up air units, heat recovery units, condensing units, coils and boilers.
Products and Markets
The Company's products serve the commercial and industrial new construction and replacement markets. To date virtually all of the Company's sales have been to the domestic market, with foreign sales accounting for less than 5% of its sales in 2006.
The rooftop and condenser markets consist of units installed on commercial or industrial structures of generally less than 10 stories in height. Air-handling units, chillers, coils and boilers are applicable to all sizes of commercial and industrial buildings.
The size of these markets is determined primarily by the number of commercial and industrial building completions. The replacement market consists of products installed to replace existing units/components that are worn or damaged. Historically, approximately half of the industry's market has consisted of replacement units.
The commercial and industrial new construction market is subject to cyclical fluctuations in that it is generally tied to housing starts, but has a lag factor of 6-18 months. Housing starts, in turn, are affected by such factors as interest rates, the state of the economy, population growth and the relative age of the population. When new construction is down, the Company emphasizes the replacement market.
Based on its 2006 level of sales of approximately $231 million, the Company estimates that it has a 13% share of the rooftop market and a 1% share of the coil market. Approximately 55% of the Company's sales now come from new construction and 45% from renovation/replacements. The percentage of sales for new construction vs. replacement to particular customers is related to the customer's stage of development.
The Company purchases certain components, fabricates sheet metal and tubing and then assembles and tests its finished products. The Company's primary finished products consist of a single unit system containing heating, cooling and/or heat recovery components in a self-contained cabinet, referred to in the industry as "unitary" products. The Company's other finished products are coils consisting of a sheet metal casing with tubing and fins contained therein, air-handling units consisting of coils, blowers and filters, condensing units consisting of coils, fans and compressors, which, with the addition of a refrigerant-to-water heat exchanger, become chillers, make-up air units, heat recovery units and boilers consisting of boilers and a sheet metal cabinet.
With regard to its standardized products, the Company currently has five groups of rooftop units: its HB Series consisting of four cooling sizes ranging from two to five tons; its RM and RN Series offered in 21 cooling sizes ranging from two to 70 tons; its RL Series, which is offered in 15 cooling sizes ranging from 40 to 230 tons; and its HA Series, which is a horizontal discharge package for either rooftop or ground installation, offered in eight sizes ranging from seven and one-half to 50 tons. The Company also produces customized rooftop products with direct (MN Series) and indirect (DT Series) heating in sizes as required.
The Company manufactures a Model LL chiller, which is available in both air-cooled condensing and evaporative cooled configurations.
The Company's air-handling units consist of the H/V Series, the modular (M2) Series and a customized NJ Series.
The Company's heat recovery option applicable to its RM, RN and RL units, as well as its M2 and NJ Series air handlers, respond to the U.S. Clean Air Act mandate to increase fresh air in commercial structures. The Company's products are designed to compete on the higher quality end of standardized products.
Performance characteristics of its products range in cooling capacity from 28,000-4,320,000 BTU's and in heating capacity from 69,000-6,000,000 BTU's. All of the Company's products meet the Department of Energy's efficiency standards, which define the maximum amount of energy to be used in producing a given amount of cooling.
A typical commercial building installation requires a ton of air-conditioning for every 300-400 square feet or, for a 100,000 square foot building, 250 tons of air-conditioning, which can involve multiple units.
The Company has developed and is beginning to market a residential condensing unit (CB Series) and air handlers (F1 Series) as well as boilers (BL Series).
The Company's largest customer last year was Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. Sales to Wal-Mart accounted for less than 10% of total sales in 2006 and 2005, and were 14% of total sales in 2004. The Company has no written contract with this customer.
In order to diversify its customer base, the Company has added to and/or upgraded its sales representation in various markets.
Sources and Availability of Raw Materials
The most important materials purchased by the Company are steel, copper and aluminum, which are obtained from domestic suppliers. The Company also purchases from other domestic manufacturers certain components, including compressors, electric motors and electrical controls used in its products. The Company endeavors to obtain the lowest possible cost in its purchases of raw materials and components, consistent with meeting specified quality standards. The Company is not dependent upon any one source for its raw materials or the major components of its manufactured products. By having multiple suppliers, the Company believes that it will have adequate sources of supplies to meet its manufacturing requirements for the foreseeable future.
The Company attempts to limit the impact of increases in raw materials and purchased component prices on its profit margins by negotiating with each of its major suppliers on a term basis from six months to one year. However, in each of the last three years cost increases in basic commodities, such as steel, copper and aluminum, severely impacted profit margins.
The Company employs a sales staff of 14 individuals and utilizes approximately 87 independent manufacturer representatives' organizations having 104 offices to market its products in the United States and Canada. The Company also has one international sales organization, which utilizes 12 distributors in other countries. Sales are made directly to the contractor or end user, with shipments being made from the Company's Tulsa, Oklahoma, Longview, Texas, and Burlington, Ontario, Canada plants to the job site. Billings are to the contractor or end user, with a commission paid directly to the manufacturer representative.
The Company's products and sales strategy focus on "niche" markets. The targeted markets for its equipment are customers seeking products of better quality than offered, and/or options not offered, by standardized manufacturers.
To support and service its customers and the ultimate consumer, the Company provides parts availability through eight independent parts distributors and has factory service organizations at each of its plants. Also, a number of the manufacturer representatives utilized by the Company have their own service organizations, which, together with the Company, provide the necessary warranty work and/or normal service to customers.
The Company's warranty on its products is: for parts only, the earlier of one year from the date of first use or 14 months from date of shipment; compressors (if applicable), an additional four years; on gas-fired heat exchangers (if applicable), 15 years; and on stainless steel heat exchangers (if applicable), 25 years.
Research and Development
All R&D activities of the Company are company-sponsored, rather than customer-sponsored. R&D has involved the HB, RM, RN, RL, NJ, DT and MN (rooftop units), LL (chillers), CB (condensing units), F1 (air handlers) and BL (boilers), as well as component evaluation and refinement, development of control systems and new product development. The Company incurred research and development expenses of $1,974,000 in 2006, $1,681,000 in 2005 and $1,072,000 in 2004.
The Company had a current backlog as of March 1, 2007, of $62,798,000, compared to $48,597,000 at March 1, 2006. The current backlog consists of orders considered by management to be firm and substantially all of which will be filled by August 1, 2007; however, the orders are subject to cancellation by the customers.
Working Capital Practices
Working capital practices in the industry center on inventories and accounts receivable. The Company regularly reviews its working capital with a view to maintaining the lowest level consistent with requirements of anticipated levels of operation. The Company's greatest needs arise during the months of July-November, the peak season for inventory (primarily purchased material) and accounts receivable. The Company's working capital requirements are generally met by cash flow from operations and a bank revolving credit facility, which currently permits borrowings up to $15,150,000. The Company believes that it will have sufficient funds available to meet its working capital needs for the foreseeable future. The Company expects to renew its revolving credit agreement in July 2007.
Sales of the Company's products are moderately seasonal with the peak period being July-November of each year.
In the standardized market, the Company competes primarily with Trane Company, a division of American Standard, Inc., Carrier Corporation, a subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation, Lennox International, Inc., and York, a division of Johnson Controls. All of these competitors are substantially larger and have greater resources than the Company. In the custom market, the Company competes with many larger and smaller manufacturers. The Company competes on the basis of total value, quality, function, serviceability, efficiency, availability of product, product line recognition and acceptability of sales outlet. However, in new construction where the contractor is the purchasing decision maker, the Company often is at a competitive disadvantage on sales of its products because of the emphasis placed on initial cost; whereas, in the replacement market and other owner-controlled purchases, the Company has a better chance of getting the business since quality and long-term cost are generally taken into account.
As of March 1, 2007, the Company had 1,368 employees and 73 temporaries, none of whom is represented by unions. Management considers its relations with its employees to be good.
Patents, Trademarks, Licenses and Concessions
The Company does not consider any patents, trademarks, licenses or concessions held by it to be material to its business operations, other than patents issued regarding its heat recovery wheel option, blower, gas-fired heat exchanger and evaporative condenser desuperheater.
Laws concerning the environment that affect or could affect the Company's domestic operations include, among others, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, regulations promulgated under these Acts, and any other federal, state or local laws or regulations governing environmental matters. The Company believes that it presently complies with these laws and that future compliance will not materially adversely affect the Company's earnings or competitive position.
The Company's Internet website address is http://www.aaon.com. Its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 will be available through the Company's Internet website as soon as reasonably practical after the Company electronically files such material with, or furnishes it to, the SEC.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
The following risks and uncertainties may affect the Company's performance and results of operations.
Our business can be hurt by an economic downturn.
Our business is affected by a number of economic factors, including the level of economic activity in the markets in which we operate. A decline in economic activity in the United States could materially affect our financial condition and results of operations. Sales in the commercial and industrial new construction markets correlate closely to the number of new homes and buildings that are built, which in turn is influenced by cyclical factors such as interest rates, inflation, consumer spending habits, employment rates and other macroeconomic factors over which we have no control. In the HVAC business, a decline in economic activity as a result of these cyclical or other factors typically results in a decline in new construction and replacement purchases, which would result in a decrease in our sales volume and profitability.
We may be adversely affected by problems in the availability, or increases in the prices, of raw materials and components.
Problems in the availability, or increases in the prices, of raw materials or components could depress our sales or increase the costs of our products. We are dependent upon components purchased from third parties, as well as raw materials such as steel, copper and aluminum. We enter into cancelable contracts on terms from six months to one year for raw materials and components at fixed prices. However, if a key supplier is unable or unwilling to meet our supply requirements, we could experience supply interruptions or cost increases, either of which could have an adverse effect on our gross profit.
We may not be able to successfully develop and market new products.
Our future success will depend upon our continued investment in research and new product development and our ability to continue to realize new technological advances in the HVAC industry. Our inability to continue to successfully develop and market new products or our inability to achieve technological advances on a pace consistent with that of our competitors could lead to a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.
We may incur material costs as a result of warranty and product liability claims that would negatively affect our profitability.
The development, manufacture, sale and use of our products involve a risk of warranty and product liability claims. Our product liability insurance policies have limits that, if exceeded, may result in material costs that would have an adverse effect on our future profitability. In addition, warranty claims are not covered by our product liability insurance and there may be types of product liability claims that are also not covered by our product liability insurance.
We may not be able to compete favorably in the highly competitive HVAC business.
Competition in our various markets could cause us to reduce our prices or lose market share, or could negatively affect our cash flow, which could have an adverse effect on our future financial results. Substantially all of the markets in which we participate are highly competitive. The most significant competitive factors we face are product reliability, product performance, service and price, with the relative importance of these factors varying among our product line. Other factors that affect competition in the HVAC market include the development and application of new technologies and an increasing emphasis on the development of more efficient HVAC products. Moreover, new product introductions are an important factor in the market categories in which our products compete. Several of our competitors have greater financial and other resources than we have, allowing them to invest in more extensive research and development. We may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competition and current and future competitive pressures faced by us may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations.
The loss of Norman H. Asbjornson could impair the growth of our business.
Norman H. Asbjornson, the founder of AAON, Inc., has served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company from inception to date. He has provided the leadership and vision for our growth. Although important responsibilities and functions have been delegated to other highly experienced and capable management personnel, our products are technologically advanced and well positioned for sales into the future and we carry key man insurance on Mr. Asbjornson, his death, disability or retirement, could impair the growth of our business. We do not have an employment agreement with Mr. Asbjornson.
Our stockholder rights plan and some provisions in our bylaws and Nevada law could delay or prevent a change in control.
Our stockholder rights plan and some provisions in our bylaws and Nevada law could delay or prevent a change in control, which could adversely affect the price of our common stock.
AAON's business is subject to the risks of interruptions by problems such as computer viruses.
Despite our company's implementation of network security measures, its services are vulnerable to computer viruses, break-ins and similar disruptions from unauthorized tampering with its computer systems. Any such event could have a material adverse affect on our business.
Exposure to environmental liabilities could adversely affect our results of operations.
Our future profitability could be adversely affected by current or future environmental laws. We are subject to extensive and changing federal, state and local laws and regulations designed to protect the environment in the United States and in other parts of the world. These laws and regulations could impose liability for remediation costs and result in civil or criminal penalties in case of non-compliance. Compliance with environmental laws increases our costs of doing business. Because these laws are subject to frequent change, we are unable to predict the future costs resulting from environmental compliance.
1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.