TURBINE TRUCK ENGINES INC (TTEG) - Description of business
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On December 15, 2000, we acquired the option rights to the Alpha License and marketing survey data from our founder and principal, Michael Rouse, in exchange for 10,000,000 shares of our common stock and his promotional services and out-of-pocket expenses over the past 18 months in acquiring the option from Alpha. We reserved 10,000,000 shares of our restricted common stock for Alpha to acquire the license. In July 2002, Alpha modified the agreement to allow us to acquire the license agreement in advance of completing our registration statement and accepted a note as payment for the licensing fee and for the issuance of 5,000,000 shares of common stock in lieu of the original 10,000,000 shares. We exercised our option and acquired the licensing rights on July 22, 2002 with a $250,000 promissory note payable to Alpha and the stock on July 22, 2002. During 2005, the Company satisfied the $250,000 debt through the issuance of 125,000 shares of registered common stock valued at $2.00 per share. Michael Rouse, our CEO, and Alpha each returned 5,000,000 shares, which the Company retired. Alpha held the core rights to the licensed technology which was licensed to us. The novel patents are registered in the name of Robert L. Scragg, the majority shareholder of Alpha.
We utilized a Regulation D, Rule 506 offering to raise capital and we intended to raise $2 million in capital from an SB-2 registration followed by a private placement for a minimum of $10 million to meet the terms and conditions of the Alpha License option agreement. There is no assurance that we will be able to raise $10 million in the future. Failure to raise these funds would adversely affect us by causing delays in developing an engineered prototype which is necessary to secure a manufacturing partner for our engine. Alpha designs, constructs and tests prototypes derived from their core technology and license the technology to companies that have potential ability to commercialize the different applications. To date, Alpha has not licensed its technology to any company other than us, and there are no products on the market utilizing the Alpha technology.
Our major asset is the ownership of an exclusive License from Alpha for manufacturing and marketing heavy duty highway truck engines utilizing Alpha's "Detonation Cycle Gas Turbine Engine" ("DCGT") technology embodied in U.S. Patent No. 6,000,214 and other proprietary technology and rights owned by Alpha including Marketing Survey Data in the highway trucking industry. Detonation refers to an instant burning of a fuel-air mixture producing an explosion. Cycle refers to the explosion happening in one chamber and then in another chamber, repeating over and over again. Gas is the fuel which is in a gaseous state. Turbine is a rotating wheel or disk connected to a shaft spinning in one direction. This combined process along with the EIC process creates the high efficiency, low emission engine that we intend to bring to market.
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On September 29, 2006 the Company and Alpha Engines Corporation settled the $416,667 of accrued royalty fees to date for a total of 100,000 shares of restricted common stock with registration rights.
On October 24, 2006, the Company entered into three separate consulting agreements which are intended to provide the Company with strategic financial and corporate development services. As consideration for entering into the consulting agreements, the Company has granted each consultant options to acquire up to 500,000 shares of the Company's common stock at a price of $.50 per share based upon each respective consultant meeting specific milestones set forth in the consulting agreements.
On June 2, 2006, the Company and Dutchess Private Equities Fund, L.P. entered into an agreement ("the Agreement"), whereby the Company will, pursuant to terms and conditions of the Agreement, have access to a $10 million line of credit. As part of the Agreement, the Company is obligated to register additional shares of its common stock in order to have an adequate number of shares for issuance pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement entered into as part of the Agreement.
Our product will be a new energy-efficient, Detonation Cycle Gas Turbine Engine ("DCGT") for heavy-duty highway trucks. To date, we have no marketable product and will rely on Alpha to continue the development and testing of a 540 horsepower prototype that will conform to our licensed application. Since our inception, we have continued to raise capital to bring this patented technology closer to where it can be utilized in a common market. The application demanding the most change is the highway trucking market.
Alpha has completed the design and prototype of a 540 hp engine for use in highway trucks. Therefore compliance with state and federal regulators will not be a factor until we have an engineered prototype in a test vehicle. The prototype phase of development is anticipated to continue for approximately three years from the completion of the funding of a public offering. Alpha completed all research and development in 1997, which resulted in a patent being issued in 1999. Alpha has completed the design for the truck engine. We need to complete the prototype and test an engine that meets our needs using the existing proven technology; however, this takes a considerable amount of money.
Alpha will continue to develop and test a 540 horsepower DCGT highway truck engine prototype at their facilities at Deland Industrial Center, 1601 Old Daytona Street, Deland, Florida 32724. All machine work is contracted out by Alpha while all component parts are purchased off the shelf or fabricated by Alpha at their facilities. Our company will be involved in this process only to the extent that we will receive ongoing status reports of Alphas' progress. We will not participate in the design, construction and testing of the engine. Alpha may use independent contractors as it deems necessary to complete these functions. We are completely dependent on Alpha to complete this process (see "Risk Factors".)
The patent is a novel patent with a 20-year life from the filing date of December 16, 1997. The patent was based on research and development beginning in 1984, which included the design, construction, and testing of four working prototypes. The patent attorneys were Schoemaker & Mattare Ltd. The inventor will file additional patents to protect any new developments in the engine technology. We will have access to any new patent filings on the highway truck engines as provided for in our licensing agreement.
This patent is impossible to describe in layman terms as to how it works; however, its simplicity makes it very unique. A detonation cycle gas turbine engine includes a turbine rotor contained in a housing. The exhaust ports of respective valveless combustion chambers are located on opposite sides of the rotor directing combustion gases toward the turbine. The chambers are connected by a valveless manifold fed with fuel and oxidizer. When combustible gases are detonated by an igniter in one of the combustion chambers, the back pressure from the detonation shuts off the fuel and oxidizer flow to that chamber and redirects the fuel and oxidizer to the opposite chamber, where detonation occurs. The process repeats cyclically. Power is taken off the rotor shaft mechanically or electrically.
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The invention utilizes a water wheel as the turbine wheel which has blades that are positively displaced through a blade race by the rapid expansion of gases exiting from combustion chambers via nozzles, rather than pistons or gas turbines.
Our engine has a blower, rather than a compressor, to supply less air per horsepower hour than required by existing gas turbines or piston engines, thereby producing less exhaust gases per horsepower hour.
The blower supplies low pressure air via a single manifold to two combustion chambers simultaneously thereby requiring less work to complete a detonation cycle, resulting in higher thermo mechanical efficiencies than gas turbines or piston engines.
The engine manifolds, combustion chambers, and ignition system has the capability of cyclically detonating fuel-air mixtures without using valves. The engine uses a fuel pump and vaporizers to gasify wet fuels prior to mixing with combustion air in the manifolds to produce complete combustion of all fuel-air mixtures in the detonation process. The engine uses a plasma arc ignition, a visibly constant illuminating plasma flame between two electrodes to detonate fuel-air mixtures and does not require critical ignition timing.
Low pressure air and fuel mixtures are detonated instantaneously-in less than one millisecond-producing high velocity shock waves that kinetically compress inert gases resulting in higher working pressures than the pressures produced in constant pressure heating utilized in gas turbine engines, and Otto and Diesel cycle piston engines.
The detonation cycle engine uses less working fluid and produces less exhaust gas per horsepower hour than Brayton cycle turbines and Otto or Diesel cycle piston engines.
Alpha has developed four working prototypes as described below:
1. First engine was developed in 1987. The engine consisted of one 8-inch diameter, 26-pound turbine wheel, driven by two horizontally opposed combustion chambers. The engine produced 78 horsepower at 12,500 rpm.
2. This engine was developed in 1989. The engine consisted of two 5-inch diameter, 11-pound turbine wheels mounted on a single shaft, driven by four horizontally opposed combustion chambers. The engine produced 130 horsepower at 14,000 rpm.
3. This engine was developed in 1991. The engine consisted of two 7-inch diameter, 19.6 pound turbine wheels mounted on a single shaft, driven by four horizontally opposed combustion chambers. The engine produced 256 horsepower at 8,300 rpm.
4. This engine was developed in 1997. The engine consists of four 6-inch diameter, 12 pound turbine wheels mounted on a single shaft, driven by eight horizontally opposed combustion chambers. The engine produces 130 horsepower at 8,400 rpm. This engine is currently used for demonstration and can be seen by appointment.
5. With current data derived from testing previous prototypes, Alpha has designed a 540 horsepower engine that can power a highway truck. Preliminary design concepts estimate the engine will have six 15-inch diameter, 20-pound turbine wheels mounted on a single shaft, driven by 12 horizontally opposed combustion chambers producing 540 horsepower at 3,000 rpm.
The DCGT includes an Electromagnetic Isothermal Combustion ("EIC") process that powers the engine. The EIC process produces complete combustion of fuel-oxidizer mixtures in cyclic detonations that negate unwanted nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide emissions. The high pressure gases produced by the detonations drive a unique turbine producing shaft horsepower.
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The EIC process enables the DCGT to operate with blower air at low static pressure, negating the necessity of compressing and preheating fuel-oxidizer mixtures prior to combustion. By eliminating the compression of fuel-oxidizer mixtures, the DCGT achieves higher thermal efficiencies in a simplified mechanical structure. The DCGT has the following proprietary and competitive advantages over current diesel, gasoline and gas turbine engines:
•Air cooled - less than 2 pounds per horsepower
•Fewer moving parts - less maintenance
•Flex-fuel and mixed fuels capability
•Operates on all hydrocarbon fuels, hydrogen and syn fuels
•Cold start capability with any fuels
•Burns 30% less fuel "Greenhouse exhaust gases"
•Less nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide exhaust emissions
•Less hydrocarbon exhaust emissions
•No lube oil, filters or pumps
Alpha has completed basic research, exploratory development, and advanced development with the design, construction and testing of four experimental prototype engines.
Our new energy efficient detonation cycle gas turbine can be designed and manufactured as a new or replacement engine for all heavy duty trucks that utilize engines ranging from 300 to 1,000 horsepower.
We intend to target 18 wheel class 8 vehicles commonly used for transporting goods throughout the United States for distribution of our engine. We will not require governmental approval until such time as the engine is placed in vehicles for use. Our engine will meet the new more stringent tailpipe emission requirements set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA").
Research and development of our engine was completed in 1998 with patents obtained in 1999. Through testing, we hope to be able to comply with existing and future environmental laws. We intend to supply our fuel efficient, lower emission engine to a marketplace that must comply with more stringent governmental regulations.
We acquired our license from Alpha on July 22, 2002. The material terms of the license agreement, as amended, are as follows:
1. $250,000 licensing note payable August 23, 2005 or agreement is terminated
2. Eight percent (8%) of net sales royalty payment after manufacturing and sales commence
3. $250,000 minimum royalty payment each year after licensing note is settled
4. Additional contract fees will be paid to Alpha for design and engineering services.
During the year ended December 31, 2006, the Company issued 125,000 shares of common stock in satisfaction of the $250,000 note payable to Alpha and the accrual of minimum royalty fees began. As of December 31, 2006, the Company has accrued $62,500 of royalty fees related to this agreement. In addition, during the year ended December 31, 2006, the Company paid $416,667 of royalty fees through the issuance of 100,000 shares of common stock.
Other than being the licensor and a principal shareholder, we have no affiliation with Alpha.