Citizens Republic Bancorp, Inc. (CRBC) - Description of business

Company Description
Unless the context indicates otherwise, all references in this Form 10-K to “Citizens” or the “Corporation,” refer to Citizens Banking Corporation, doing business as Citizens Republic Bancorp, and its subsidiaries. References to the “Holding Company” refer to Citizens Banking Corporation alone. Citizens’ common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market ® (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol “CRBC.” Citizens’ principal executive offices are located at 328 South Saginaw Street, Flint, Michigan 48502, and the telephone number is (810) 766-7500. Citizens maintains an internet website at www.citizensonline.com where the Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports are available without charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after Citizens files each such report with, or furnishes it to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which are also available at the SEC’s web site www.sec.gov. The information on Citizens’ website does not constitute a part of this report. Investors may also contact Kristine Brenner, Director of Investor Relations, at the corporate address listed above to receive copies of these reports without charge.GENERALCitizens Banking Corporation, incorporated in the State of Michigan in 1980, is a diversified banking and financial services company that is registered as a bank holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended. Citizens provides a full range of banking and financial services to individuals and businesses through its subsidiaries Citizens Bank, Republic Bank, and F&M Bank–Iowa. These services include deposit products such as checking, savings, and money market accounts, and loan products such as business, personal, educational, residential, and commercial mortgage loans, and other consumer-oriented financial services, such as IRA and Keogh accounts, lease financing for a variety of capital equipment for commerce and industry, and safe deposit and night depository facilities. Automated Teller Machines (“ATMs”), which provide 24-hour banking services to customers, are installed in many locations in the Corporation’s service areas. The Corporation participates in an interstate and international shared ATM network, which allows its customers to perform banking transactions from their checking, savings, or credit card accounts at ATMs in a multi-state and international environment. Among the services designed specifically to meet the needs of businesses are various types of specialized financing, treasury management services, and transfer/collection facilities. Citizens also provides wealth management services through Citizens Bank Wealth Management, N.A., and through the affiliate trust department of F&M Bank-Iowa. The Corporation is not dependent upon any single or limited number of customers, the loss of which would have a material adverse effect on the Corporation. No material portion of the business of the Corporation is seasonal.At December 31, 2006, Citizens directly or indirectly owned the following subsidiaries:                                                       Total   Date     Principal   Number of   Assets   Acquired / Subsidiary   Office   Offices   (in millions)   Established   Citizens Bank (a)   Flint, MI     170     $ 7,505.2       1871   Republic Bank (a)   Lansing, MI     89       5,420.2       12/29/06   F&M Bank – Iowa (a)   Marshalltown, IA     11       412.1       11/01/99   Citizens Bank Wealth Management, N.A.   Flint, MI     (b )     (b )     03/01/02   (a)   Consolidated totals include its non-bank subsidiaries.   (b)   Citizens Bank Wealth Management, N.A. conducts business at most Citizens Bank locations and had total assets under administration of $2.7 billion at December 31, 2006. Citizens completed its merger with Republic Bancorp Inc. (“Republic”) on December 29, 2006. Based on Citizens’ average closing price of $27.03 for the ten trading day period ended December 28, 2006, the transaction was valued at $13.91 per Republic share. The aggregate cash and stock consideration consisted of: •   $154.9 million in cash   •   $885.0 million in value from 32.7 million Citizens common shares valued for accounting purposes at $27.03 per share; and   •   the exchange of Republic unvested restricted stock and outstanding stock options and warrants for Citizens restricted stock and stock options valued for accounting purposes at $12.3 million. As a result, December 31, 2006 ending balances in this report incorporate all of Republic’s assets and liabilities at estimated fair market value. Due to the timing of the merger, average balances and income and expense amounts in this report for the full year of 2006 reflect only legacy Citizens results, including Citizens’ restructuring and merger-related expenses. All pre-merger financial data include only legacy Citizens performance and do not incorporate results of the former Republic.GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONSAs of December 31, 2006, Citizens conducts operations through 270 banking offices, private banking and financial center locations, and 287 ATM locations throughout Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Iowa, and Indiana with 2,940 full-time equivalent employees. In Michigan, the primary market areas are much of the lower and upper peninsulas. In Wisconsin, the primary market areas are the Fox Valley region, extending from Green Bay to Appleton to Oshkosh, as well as northeastern and southwestern Wisconsin. In Ohio, the primary market area is the greater Cleveland area. In Iowa, the primary market area is the central region of the state. In Indiana, the primary market area is Indianapolis.PRINCIPAL SOURCES OF REVENUEThe Corporation’s primary source of revenue is interest income. The table below shows the amount of total consolidated revenues resulting from interest and fees on loans, interest and dividends on investment securities and other interest and noninterest income for each of the last three years:                               Year Ended December 31,   (in thousands)   2006     2005     2004     Interest and fees on loans   $ 399,469     $ 343,890     $ 297,811   Interest and dividends on investment securities, money market investments, FHLB and Federal Reserve stock     72,883       79,359       80,468   Noninterest income     90,627       80,508       91,458                       Total revenues from continuing operations   $ 562,979     $ 503,757     $ 469,737                       LINES OF BUSINESSCitizens’ performance is monitored by an internal profitability measurement system that provides line of business results and key performance measures. Citizens operates along three major business lines: Commercial Banking, Consumer Banking and Wealth Management. A brief description of each follows: •   Commercial Banking — Commercial Banking provides a full range of lending, depository, and related financial services to middle-market corporate, industrial, financial, s, government and leasing clients. Products and services offered include commercial loans such as term loans, revolving credit arrangements, and inventory and accounts receivable financing, commercial mortgages, real estate construction lending, letters of credit, and s loans. Noncredit services for commercial customers include deposit accounts, treasury management, corporate cash management, international banking services, advice and assistance in the placement of securities, and financial planning.   •   Consumer Banking - Consumer Banking includes consumer lending and deposit gathering, s lending, branch banking, electronic banking and residential mortgage loan origination and servicing. This line of business offers a variety of retail financial products and services including direct and indirect installment loans, debit and credit cards, home equity loans and lines of credit, residential mortgage loans, deposit products, fixed and variable annuities and     ATM network services. Consumer loans are composed of automobile, personal, marine, and recreational vehicle loans. Deposit products include checking, savings, money market accounts, and certificates of deposit.   •   Wealth Management - Wealth Management offers a broad array of asset management, private banking, financial planning, estate settlement and administration, credit and deposit products and services. Trust and investment services include personal trust and planning, investment management, estate settlement and administration services. Retirement plan services focus on investment management and fiduciary activities with special emphasis on 401(k) plans. Brokerage and insurance delivers retail mutual funds, other securities, variable and fixed annuities, personal disability and life insurance products and discounted brokerage services. Private banking provides credit, deposit and asset management solutions for affluent clients. All three major business lines are involved in lending activity. Lending involves credit risk which is controlled and monitored through active asset quality management, the use of lending standards, and thorough review of potential borrowers. Active asset quality administration, including early problem loan identification and timely resolution of problems, further ensures appropriate management of credit risk and minimization of loan losses. The allowance for loan losses represents Citizens’ estimate of an amount adequate to provide for probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio. Citizens’ evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses is based on management’s ongoing review and grading of the loan portfolio, consideration of past loan loss experience, trends in past due and nonperforming loans, risk characteristics of the various loan classifications, current economic conditions, the fair value of underlying collateral, and other qualitative and quantitative factors which could affect potential credit losses. Credit risk management is discussed in “Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the captions “Critical Accounting Policies,” “Loan Portfolio” and “Nonperforming Assets” and under Notes 1 and 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.Additional information regarding the business lines is incorporated herein by reference from “Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Line of Business Results” and in Note 17 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.COMPETITIONThe financial services industry is highly competitive. Citizens’ banking subsidiaries compete with other commercial banks, many of which are subsidiaries of other bank holding companies, for loans, deposits, trust accounts and other business on the basis of interest rates, fees, convenience and quality of service. Major competitors include banking subsidiaries of JP Morgan Chase & Co., Comerica Incorporated, National City Corporation, Fifth Third Bancorp, LaSalle Bank Corporation, Marshall & Ilsley Corporation Associated Banc-Corp, Huntington Bancshares Incorporated, and KeyCorp, among others. The Corporation also actively competes with a variety of other financial service organizations including community banks, savings associations, finance companies, mortgage banking companies, brokerage firms, credit unions and other organizations. The non-banking subsidiaries compete with other companies in related industries including mortgage banking companies, insurance companies, consumer finance companies and other organizations.Mergers between financial institutions and the expansion of financial institutions both within and outside of the primary Midwest banking markets have provided significant competitive pressure in those markets. In addition, the passage of Federal interstate banking legislation has expanded the banking market and heightened competitive forces. The effect of this legislation is further discussed under the caption “Supervision and Regulation.”Many of Citizens’ offices are located in small cities and rural areas that have diverse economies and a mix of manufacturing, service, retailing and agricultural businesses. In many of these localities, Citizens is the largest bank, which is believed to be a competitive advantage. In other markets, Citizens’ competitors may enjoy a competitive advantage, including greater financial resources, more aggressive marketing campaigns, better brand recognition and more branch locations. Citizens’ competitors may also offer higher interest rates, which could decrease Citizens’ ability to retain existing deposits or attract new deposits or require Citizens to increase its rates to attract deposits.Other factors such as employee relations and environmental laws also impact the Corporation’s competitiveness. Citizens maintains a favorable relationship with its employees and none of the employees are represented by a collective bargaining group.SUPERVISION AND REGULATION General The banking industry is subject to extensive state and federal regulation and continues to undergo significant change. Proposals to change the laws and regulations governing the banking industry are frequently raised in Congress, in state legislatures, and before the various bank regulatory agencies. The likelihood and timing of any changes and the impact such changes might have on Citizens are impossible to determine with any certainty. A change in applicable laws or regulations, or a change in the way such laws or regulations are interpreted by regulatory agencies or courts, may have a material impact on the business, operations and earnings of Citizens. Although Congress in recent years has sought to reduce the regulatory burden on financial institutions with respect to the approval of specific transactions, Citizens expects that the financial services industry will remain heavily regulated and that additional laws or regulations may be adopted. The following discussion summarizes certain aspects of the banking laws and regulations that affect Citizens. To the extent that the following information describes statutory or regulatory provisions, it is qualified entirely by reference to the particular statutory or regulatory provision.The Holding Company is a bank holding company registered with the Federal Reserve Board and is subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the “Bank Holding Company Act”). The Bank Holding Company Act requires the Federal Reserve Board’s prior approval of an acquisition of assets or of ownership or control of voting shares of any bank or bank holding company if the acquisition would give the Corporation more than 5% of the voting shares of that bank or bank holding company. It also imposes restrictions, summarized below, on the assets or voting shares of non-banking companies that Citizens may acquire.Consistent with the requirements of the Bank Holding Company Act, the Corporation’s lines of business provide its customers with banking, trust and other financial services and products. These services include commercial banking through three subsidiary banks, as well as trust services, mortgage origination and servicing, equipment leasing, brokerage and investment advisory services, property and casualty insurance, brokerage services, life insurance and annuity products, and portfolio management services through subsidiary banks and other subsidiaries.Under Federal Reserve Board policy, a bank holding company is expected to serve as a source of financial strength to each of its subsidiary banks and to stand prepared to commit resources to support each of them. There are no specific quantitative rules on a holding company’s potential liability. If one of Citizens’ subsidiary banks were to encounter financial difficulty, the Federal Reserve Board could invoke the doctrine and require a capital contribution from the Holding Company. In addition, and as a separate legal matter, a holding company is required to guarantee the capital plan of an undercapitalized subsidiary bank. See “Capital Adequacy and Prompt Corrective Action” below.Citizens’ subsidiary banks are subject to the provisions of the banking laws of their respective states of organization or the National Bank Act. They are under the supervision of, and are subject to periodic examination by, their respective state banking departments (in the case of state-chartered banks) or the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”) (in the case of national banks), and are subject to the rules and regulations of the OCC, the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). Each of Citizens’ three banking subsidiaries are state-chartered banks and are therefore subject to supervision, regulation and examination by state banking regulators; Citizens Bank and Republic Bank by the Michigan Office of Financial and Insurance Services and F&M Bank-Iowa by the Iowa Division of Banking. Citizens Bank and F&M Bank-Iowa are members of the Federal Reserve System so they are subject to supervision and examination by the Federal Reserve Board as well as the FDIC, because the FDIC insures their deposits to the extent provided by law. Republic Bank is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the FDIC. Citizens Bank Wealth Management, N.A., a national non-depository trust bank, is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the OCC. Additionally, the non-bank subsidiaries are supervised and examined by the Federal Reserve Board and various other federal and state agencies.Citizens’ insured depository institution subsidiaries are also subject to cross-guaranty liability under federal law. This means that if one FDIC-insured depository institution subsidiary of a multi-institution bank holding company fails or requires FDIC assistance, the FDIC may assess “commonly controlled” depository institutions for the estimated losses suffered by the FDIC. Such liability could have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of any assessed subsidiary institution and on Citizens as the common parent. While the FDIC’s cross-guaranty claim is generally junior to the claims of depositors,holders of secured liabilities, general creditors and subordinated creditors, it is generally superior to the claims of shareholders and affiliates. Payment of Dividends There are various statutory restrictions on the ability of Citizens’ banking subsidiaries to pay dividends or make other payments to the Holding Company. Each of the state-chartered banking subsidiaries is subject to dividend limits under the laws of the state in which it is chartered. In addition, Citizens Bank and F&M Bank-Iowa are member banks of the Federal Reserve System, subject to the dividend limits of the Federal Reserve Board. The Federal Reserve Board allows a member bank to make dividends or other capital distributions in an amount not exceeding the current calendar year’s net income, plus retained net income of the preceding two years. Distributions in excess of this limit require prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board. Federal Reserve Board policy provides that, as a matter of prudent banking, a bank holding company generally should not maintain a rate of cash dividends unless its net income available to common shareholders has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends, and the prospective rate of earnings retention appears to be consistent with the holding company’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial condition. The payment of dividends by Republic Bank is affected by Michigan law, which places specific limits on the source and the amount of dividends paid, as well as various regulatory requirements and policies, such as the requirement to maintain adequate capital according to regulatory guidelines.Dividends from a national banking association may be declared only from the bank’s undivided profits, and until the bank’s surplus fund equals its common capital, no dividends may be declared unless at least 10% of the bank’s net income for a given time period has been carried to the surplus fund, depending on the frequency of dividend payments in a given year. The OCC’s approval is required if the total of all dividends declared in any calendar year exceeds the sum of the bank’s net income of that year combined with its retained net income of the preceding two years.In each of the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005 and 2004, Citizens’ subsidiaries paid aggregate cash dividends of $70.9 million, $63.2 million and $49.0 million, respectively. As of January 1, 2007, Citizens’ banking subsidiaries were able to distribute aggregate dividends of $108.0 million without further regulatory approval. Capital Adequacy and Prompt Corrective Action The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (“FDICIA”) requires federal regulators to take prompt corrective action against any undercapitalized institution. FDICIA establishes five capital categories: well-capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized. “Well capitalized” institutions significantly exceed the required minimum level for each capital measure (currently, risk-based and leverage). “Adequately capitalized” institutions include depository institutions that meet the required minimum level for each capital measure. “Undercapitalized” institutions consist of those that fail to meet the required minimum level for one or more relevant capital measures. “Significantly undercapitalized” characterizes depository institutions with capital levels significantly below the minimum requirements. “Critically undercapitalized” refers to depository institutions with minimal capital and at serious risk for government seizure.Under certain circumstances, a well-capitalized, adequately capitalized or undercapitalized institution may be treated as if the institution were in the next lower capital category. A depository institution is generally prohibited from making capital distributions, including paying dividends, or paying management fees to a holding company if the institution would thereafter be undercapitalized. Institutions that are adequately but not well capitalized cannot accept, renew or rollover brokered deposits except with a waiver from the FDIC and are subject to restrictions on the interest rates that can be paid on such deposits. Undercapitalized institutions may not accept, renew or rollover brokered deposits.The banking regulatory agencies are permitted or, in certain cases, required to take certain actions with respect to institutions falling within one of the three undercapitalized categories. Depending on the level of an institution’s capital, the agencies’ corrective powers include, among other things: •   prohibiting the payment of principal and interest on subordinated debt;   •   prohibiting the holding company from making distributions without prior regulatory approval;   •   placing limits on asset growth and restrictions on activities;   •   placing additional restrictions on transactions with affiliates; •   restricting the interest rate the institution may pay on deposits;   •   prohibiting the institution from accepting deposits from correspondent banks; and   •   in the most severe cases, appointing a conservator or receiver for the institution. A banking institution that is undercapitalized is required to submit a capital restoration plan, and such a plan will not be accepted unless, among other things, the banking institution’s holding company guarantees the plan up to a certain specified amount. Any such guarantee from a depository institution’s holding company is entitled to a priority of payment in bankruptcy.FDICIA also contains a variety of other provisions that may affect Citizens’ operations, including reporting requirements, regulatory standards for real estate lending, “truth in savings” provisions, and the requirement that a depository institution give 90 days prior notice to customers and regulatory authorities before closing any branch.At December 31, 2006 and 2005, the most recent notification from the Federal Reserve Board categorized Citizens and all of its depository institution subsidiaries as “well capitalized” under the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action. Information concerning capital adequacy guidelines for Citizens and its banking subsidiaries including their regulatory capital position at December 31, 2006 and maintenance of minimum average reserve balances by the banking subsidiaries with the Federal Reserve Bank is incorporated herein by reference from “Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the captions “Capital Resources” and “Liquidity and Debt Capacity” and Note 21 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. FDIC Insurance Assessments The FDIC’s deposit insurance assessments currently are calculated under a risk-based system. The risk-based system places a bank in one of four risk categories, principally on the basis of its capital level and an evaluation of the bank’s risk to the relevant deposit insurance fund, and bases premiums on the probability of loss to the FDIC with respect to each individual bank. Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, depository institutions such as Citizens’ subsidiary banks may not pay interest on indebtedness, if such interest is required to be paid out of net profits, or distribute any of its capital assets while it remains in default on any assessment due to the FDIC.The adjusted assessment rates for FDIC-insured institutions currently range from 0.00% to 0.27% depending on the assessment category into which a bank is placed. Citizens did not pay any regular insurance assessments to the FDIC in 2002. However, beginning July 1, 2003 and continuing throughout 2004, the Wisconsin bank subsidiary was required to pay an annualized assessment rate of 0.03% to the FDIC for deposit insurance. Effective January 1, 2005, the Wisconsin bank was no longer required to pay the assessment.On November 30, 2006, the FDIC adopted a new rule for calculating deposit insurance based on a risk-weighting. The new rule took effect on January 1, 2007, and increases the assessment amount for all insured institutions for payments due June 30, 2007 and forward. The new minimum annual assessment rate will be 0.05% for a well capitalized bank, while the maximum annual rate will be 0.43%. Also on November 30, 2006, the FDIC issued a one time credit to institutions that were in existence on December 31, 1996 and paid a deposit insurance assessment prior to that date, or are classified as a “successor” to such an institution. This credit can be used to partially offset the increased assessment rate. For assessment periods during 2007, a well capitalized institution can offset up to 100% of the assessment with this credit. For assessment periods after 2007, this credit can be used to offset up to 90% of the assessment. Citizens does not expect that any of its bank subsidiaries will pay significant insurance assessments in 2007. However, the FDIC retains the ability to increase regular insurance assessments and to levy special additional assessments. Interstate Banking Under the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 (“Riegle-Neal Act”), as amended, a bank holding company may acquire banks in states other than its home state, subject to any state requirement that the bank has been organized and operating for a minimum period of time (not to exceed five years) and the requirement that the bank holding company not control, prior to or following the proposed acquisition, more than 10% of the total amount of deposits of insured depository institutions nationwide or, unless the acquisition is the bank holding company’s initial entry into the state, more than 30% of such deposits in the state, or such lesser or greater amount set by the state. The Riegle-Neal Act also authorizes banks to merge across state lines, thereby creating interstate branches. Banks are also permitted to acquire and to establish de novo branches in other states where authorized under the laws of those states. Transactions with Affiliates Transactions between Citizens’ subsidiary banks and their affiliates are governed by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act. The affiliates of the banks include Citizens and any entity controlled by Citizens. Generally, Sections 23A and 23B (i) limit the extent to which the subsidiary banks may engage in “covered transactions” with any one affiliate to an amount equal to 10% of the Corporation’s capital stock and surplus, and maintain an aggregate limit on all such transactions with affiliates to an amount equal to 20% of the bank’s capital stock and surplus, (ii) require that a bank’s extensions of credit to such affiliates be fully collateralized (with 100% to 130% collateral coverage, depending on the type of collateral), (iii) prohibit the bank from purchasing or accepting as collateral from an affiliate any “low quality assets” (including non-performing loans) and (iv) require that all “covered transactions” be on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable, to the bank or its subsidiary as those provided to a non-affiliate. The term “covered transaction” includes the making of loans, purchase of assets, issuance of a guarantee and other types of similar transactions. Loans to Insiders The Federal Reserve Act and related regulations impose specific restrictions on loans to directors, executive officers and principal stockholders of banks. Under Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and its implementing regulations, loans to a director, an executive officer and to a principal shareholder of a bank, and some affiliated entities of any of the foregoing, may not exceed, together with all other outstanding loans to such person and affiliated entities, the bank’s loan-to-one-borrower limit. Loans in the aggregate to insiders and their related interests as a class may not exceed the bank’s unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus. Section 22(h) and its implementing regulations also prohibit loans, above amounts prescribed by the appropriate federal banking agency, to directors, executive officers and principal shareholders of a bank or bank holding company, and their respective affiliates, unless such loan is approved in advance by a majority of the board of directors of the bank with any “interested” director not participating in the voting. Section 22(h) generally requires that loans to directors, executive officers and principal shareholders be made on terms and underwriting standards substantially the same as offered in comparable transactions to other persons. Community Reinvestment Act Under the Community Reinvestment Act (“CRA”) and related regulations, depository institutions have an affirmative obligation to assist in meeting the credit needs of their market areas, including low and moderate income areas, consistent with safe and sound banking practice. The CRA requires the adoption by each institution of a CRA statement for each of its market areas describing the depository institution’s efforts to assist in its community’s credit needs. Depository institutions are periodically examined for compliance with CRA and are periodically assigned ratings in this regard. Banking regulators consider a depository institution’s CRA rating when reviewing applications to establish new branches, undertake new lines of business, and/or acquire part or all of another depository institution. An unsatisfactory rating can significantly delay or even prohibit regulatory approval of a proposed transaction by a bank holding company or its depository institution subsidiary.Citizens Bank was evaluated in 2005 and received an “outstanding” rating. Republic Bank was evaluated in 2006 and is currently awaiting the results. Republic Bank received a “satisfactory” rating in its previous evaluation. F&M Bank-Iowa was evaluated in 2006 and received a “satisfactory” rating. Fair Lending and Consumer Laws In addition to the Community Reinvestment Act, other federal and state laws regulate various lending and consumer aspects of the banking business. Governmental agencies, including the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice, have become concerned that in some cases prospective borrowers experience unlawful discrimination in their efforts to obtain loans from depository and other lending institutions. These agencies have brought litigation against some depository institutions alleging discrimination against borrowers. Many of these suits have been settled, in some cases for material sums, short of a full trial.These governmental agencies have clarified what they consider to be lending discrimination and have specified various factors that they will use to determine the existence of lending discrimination under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act. These factors include evidence that a lender discriminated on a prohibited basis, evidence that a lender treated applicants differently based on prohibited factors in the absence of evidence that the treatment was the result of prejudice or a conscious intention to discriminate, and evidence that a lender applied an otherwise neutral non-discriminatory policy uniformly to all applicants, but the practice had a discriminatory effect, unless the practice could be justified as a business necessity.Banks and other depository institutions also are subject to numerous consumer-oriented laws and regulations. These laws, which include the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and the Fair Housing Act, require compliance by depository institutions with various disclosure requirements and requirements regulating the availability of funds after deposit or the making of certain loans to customers. Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (the “GLBA”) was signed into law on November 12, 1999. The GLBA covers a broad range of issues, including a repeal of most of the restrictions on affiliations among depository institutions, securities firms and insurance companies. The following description summarizes some of its significant provisions.The GLBA repeals sections 20 and 32 of the Glass-Steagall Act, thus permitting unrestricted affiliations between banks and securities firms. It also permits bank holding companies to elect to become financial holding companies. A financial holding company may engage in or acquire companies that engage in a broad range of financial services, including securities activities such as underwriting, dealing, investment, merchant banking, insurance underwriting, sales and brokerage activities. In order to become a financial holding company, the bank holding company and all of its affiliated depository institutions must be well-capitalized, well-managed and have at least a satisfactory Community Reinvestment Act rating. Citizens has determined not to become certified as a financial holding company at this time. The Corporation may reconsider this determination in the future.The GLBA provides that the states continue to have the authority to regulate insurance activities, but prohibits the states in most instances from preventing or significantly interfering with the ability of a bank, directly or through an affiliate, to engage in insurance sales, solicitations or cross-marketing activities. Although the states generally must regulate bank insurance activities in a nondiscriminatory manner, the states may continue to adopt and enforce rules that specifically regulate bank insurance activities in specific areas identified under the law. The federal bank regulatory agencies adopted insurance consumer protection regulations that apply to sales practices, solicitations, advertising and disclosures.The GLBA repeals the broad exemption of banks from the definitions of “broker” and “dealer” for purposes of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. It also identifies a set of specific activities, including traditional bank trust and fiduciary activities, in which a bank may engage without being deemed a “broker,” and a set of activities in which a bank may engage without being deemed a “dealer.” Additionally, the law makes conforming changes in the definitions of “broker” and “dealer” for purposes of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended.The GLBA also contains extensive customer privacy protection provisions. Under these provisions, a financial institution must provide to its customers, both at the inception of the customer relationship and on an annual basis, the institution’s policies and procedures regarding the handling of customers’ nonpublic personal financial information. The new law provides that, except for specific limited exceptions, an institution may not provide such personal information to unaffiliated third parties unless the institution discloses to the customer that such information may be so provided and the customer is given the opportunity to “opt out” of such disclosure. An institution may not disclose to a non-affiliated third party, other than to a consumer reporting agency, customer account numbers or other similar account identifiers for marketing purposes. The GLBA also provides that the states may adopt customer privacy protections that are more strict than those contained in the GLBA. Anti-Money Laundering and the USA Patriot Act of 2001In 2001, Congress enacted the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the “Patriot Act”). The Patriot Act is designed to deny terrorists and criminals the ability to obtain access to the United States’ financial system and has significant implications for depository institutions, brokers, dealers, and other businesses involved in the transfer of money. The Patriot Act mandates that financial services companies implement policies and procedures with respect to additional measures designed to address the following matters: money laundering, terrorist financing, identifying and reporting suspicious activities and currency transactions, and currency crimes. The Patriot Act also substantially broadened existing anti-money laundering legislation, imposed new compliance and due diligence obligations, created new crimes and penalties, and compelled the production of documents located both inside and outside the United States. The U.S. Treasury Department has issued a number of regulations that apply some of these requirements to financial institutions such as Citizens’ banking subsidiaries. The regulations impose new obligations on financial institutions to maintain appropriate policies, procedures and controls to detect, prevent and report money laundering and terrorist financing. Pursuant to the Patriot Act and the related regulations, Citizens has established anti-moneylaundering compliance and due diligence programs that include, among other things, the designation of a compliance officer, employee training programs and an independent audit function to review and test the program.ECONOMIC FACTORS AND MONETARY POLICYCitizens’ earnings and business are affected by the general economic and political conditions in the United States and abroad and by the monetary and fiscal policies of various federal regulatory authorities, including the Federal Reserve System. Through open market securities transactions, variations in the Federal Funds rate and the establishment of reserve requirements, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System exerts considerable influence on interest rates and the supply of money and credit. The effect of fluctuating economic conditions and federal regulatory policies on Citizens’ future profitability cannot be predicted with any certainty. The effect of the economy and changes in interest rates on Citizens’ net interest margin and net interest income in 2006, 2005, and 2004 and their potential effect on future periods is discussed in “Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Net Interest Income” and is incorporated herein by reference. Citizens’ sensitivity to changes in interest rates and the potential effect of changes in interest rates on net interest income is presented in “Item 7 — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Interest Rate Risk” and incorporated herein by reference. Citizens’ policy for addressing credit risk, the effect of the economy on credit risk in 2006, 2005, and 2004 and its potential effect on future periods is discussed in “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies” and “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Results of Operations – Allowance for Loan Losses” and incorporated herein by reference.ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERSCitizens’ primary exposure to environmental risk is through lending activities and trust services. In each instance, policies and procedures are in place to mitigate environmental risk exposures. With respect to lending activities, Citizens requires environmental site assessments at the time of loan origination to confirm collateral quality on commercial real estate parcels posing higher than normal potential for environmental impact, as determined by reference to present and past uses of the subject property and adjacent sites. Environmental assessments are also mandated prior to any foreclosure activity involving non-residential real estate collateral. In the case of trust services, Citizens utilizes various types of environmental transaction screening to identify actual and potential risks arising from any proposed holding of non-residential real estate for trust accounts. Consequently the Corporation does not anticipate any material effect on capital expenditures, earnings or the competitive position of Citizens or any of its subsidiaries with regard to compliance with federal, state or local environmental protection laws or regulations. Additional information is provided in “Item 3. Legal Proceedings.”ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORSUnless the context indicates otherwise, all references in this Item to “we,” “us,” or “our,” refer to Citizens and its subsidiaries. An investment in our common stock is subject to risks inherent to our business. The material risks and uncertainties that we believe affect us are described below. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that we are not aware of or focused on or currently deem immaterial may also impair business operations. This report is qualified in its entirety by these risk factors. If any of the following risks actually occur, our financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. If this were to happen, the value of our common stock could decline significantly, and shareholders could lose all or part of their investment.We face the risk that loan losses, including unanticipated loan losses due to changes in loan portfolios, fraud and economic factors, will exceed the allowance for loan losses and that additional increases in the allowance will be required which would cause our net income to decline and could have a negative impact on our capital and financial position.Making loans is an essential element of our business, and we recognize there is a risk that customer loans will not be repaid. The risk of nonpayment is affected by a number of factors, including:   •   the duration of the loan;     •   credit risks of a particular borrower;   •   changes in economic and industry conditions; and     •   in the case of a collateralized loan, risks resulting from uncertainties about the future value of the collateral. We attempt to maintain an appropriate allowance for loan losses to provide for potential losses in our loan portfolio. We periodically determine the amount of the allowance based on consideration of several factors including the ongoing review and grading of the loan portfolio, consideration of past loan loss experience as well as that of the banking industry, trends in past due and nonperforming loans, risk characteristics of the various classifications of loans, existing economic conditions, the fair value of underlying collateral, the size and diversity of individual large credits, and other qualitative and quantitative factors which could affect probable credit losses. We determine the amount of the allowance for loan losses by considering these factors and by using estimates related to the amount and timing of expected future cash flows on impaired loans, estimated losses on pools of homogeneous loans based on our historical loss experience as well as that of the banking industry with additional qualitative factors for various issues, and allocation of reserves for special situations that are unique to the measurement period with consideration of current economic trends and conditions, all of which are susceptible to significant change. Because current economic conditions can change and future events are inherently difficult to predict, the anticipated amount of estimated loan losses, and therefore the adequacy of the allowance, could change significantly.There is no precise method of predicting loan losses, and therefore we always face the risk that charge-offs in future periods will exceed our allowance for loan losses and that additional increases in the allowance for loan losses will be required. Additions to the allowance for loan losses would cause net income to decline in the period(s) in which such additions occur and could also have a material adverse impact on capital and financial position.While we attempt to manage the risk from changes in market interest rates, interest rate risk management techniques are not exact. In addition, we may not be able to economically hedge our interest rate risk. A rapid or substantial increase or decrease in interest rates could adversely affect our net interest income and results of operations.Our net income depends primarily upon our net interest income. Net interest income is income that remains after deducting, from total income generated by earning assets, the interest expense attributable to the acquisition of the funds required to support earning assets. Income from earning assets includes income from loans, investment securities and short-term investments. The amount of interest income is dependent on many factors including the volume of earning assets, the general level of interest rates, the dynamics of the change in interest rates and the levels of non-performing loans. The cost of funds varies with the amount of funds necessary to support earning assets, the rates paid to attract and hold deposits, rates paid on borrowed funds and the levels of non-interest-bearing demand deposits and equity capital.Different types of assets and liabilities may react differently, and at different times, to changes in market interest rates. We expect that we will periodically experience “gaps” in the interest rate sensitivities of our assets and liabilities. That means either our interest-bearing liabilities will be more sensitive to changes in market interest rates than our interest earning assets, or vice versa. When interest-bearing liabilities mature or reprice more quickly than interest-earning assets, an increase in market rates of interest could reduce our net interest income. Likewise, when interest-earning assets mature or reprice more quickly than interest-bearing liabilities, falling interest rates could reduce net interest income. We are unable to predict changes in market interest rates which are affected by many factors beyond our control including inflation, recession, unemployment, money supply, domestic and international events and changes in the United States and other financial markets. As of December 31, 2006, we were a liability-sensitive financial institution (liabilities repricing within one year exceeded assets repricing within one year). Net interest income is not only affected by the level and direction of interest rates, but also by the shape of the yield curve, relationships between interest sensitive instruments and key driver rates, as well as balance sheet growth, client loan and deposit preferences and the timing of changes in these variables.We attempt to manage risk from changes in market interest rates, in part, by controlling the mix of interest rate-sensitive assets and interest rate-sensitive liabilities. We continually review our interest rate risk position and modify our strategies based on projections to minimize the impact of future interest rate changes. We also use derivative financial instruments to modify our exposure to changes in interest rates. Holding residential mortgage loans for sale and committing to fund residential mortgage loan applications at specific rates may pose interest rate risk during the period from loan funding until sale. To minimize this risk, we enter into mandatory forward commitments to sell residential mortgage loans. However, interest rate risk management techniques are not exact. A rapid increase or decrease in interest rates could adversely affect results of operations and financial performance.An economic downturn, and the negative economic effects caused by terrorist attacks, potential attacks and other destabilizing events, would likely contribute to the deterioration of the quality of our loan portfolio and could reduce our customer base, level of deposits, and demand for financial products such as loans.High inflation, natural disasters, acts of terrorism, an escalation of hostilities or other international or domestic occurrences, increased unemployment, changes in securities markets and other factors could have a negative impact on the economy of the Upper Midwest regions in which we operate. A sustained economic downturn in our markets would likely contribute to the deterioration of the quality of our loan portfolio by impacting the ability of our customers to repay loans, the value of the collateral securing loans, and may reduce the level of deposits in our banking subsidiaries and the stability of our deposit funding sources. A sustained economic downturn could also have a significant impact on the demand for our products and services. The cumulative effect of these matters on our results of operations and financial condition would likely be adverse and could be material.If we are unable to continue to attract core deposits or continue to obtain third party financing on favorable terms, our cost of funds will increase, adversely affecting the ability to generate the funds necessary for lending operations, reducing net interest margin and negatively affecting results of operations.Our subsidiary banks derive liquidity through core deposit growth, maturity of money market investments, and maturity and sale of investment securities and loans. Additionally, our subsidiary banks have access to financial market borrowing sources on an unsecured, and a collateralized basis for both short-term and long-term purposes including, but not limited to, the Federal Reserve and Federal Home Loan Banks of which the subsidiary banks are members. If these funding sources are not sufficient, we may have to acquire funds through higher-cost sources.Our credit ratings were reviewed and affirmed by Moody’s Investor Service, Standard and Poor’s, and Dominion Bond Rating Service on June 27, 2006 and by Fitch Ratings on January 2, 2007. Wholesale funding represents an important source of liquidity to us, and credit ratings affect the availability and cost of this funding. We currently have the ability to borrow funds on both a short-term and long-term basis as an additional source of liquidity. Our Holding Company maintains a $100.0 million short-term revolving credit facility with three unaffiliated banks. As of December 31, 2006, there was no outstanding balance on this credit facility. If our ratings were downgraded, our ability to borrow funds at favorable rates may be negatively impacted and could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.Increased competition with other financial institutions or an adverse change in our relationship with a number of major customers could reduce our net interest margin and net income by decreasing the number and size of loans originated, the interest rates charged on these loans and the fees charged for services to customers. If we lend to customers who are less likely to pay in order to maintain historical origination levels, we may not be able to maintain current loan quality levels.Our banking subsidiaries face substantial competition in originating commercial and consumer loans. This competition comes principally from other banks, savings institutions, mortgage banking companies and other lenders. Many of our competitors have competitive advantages, including greater financial resources and higher lending limits, a wider geographic presence, more accessible branch office locations, the ability to offer a wider array of services or more favorable pricing alternatives, as well as lower origination and operating costs. This competition could reduce our net income by decreasing the number and size of the loans that we originate and the interest rates we charge on these loans.In attracting business and consumer deposits, we face substantial competition from other insured depository institutions such as banks, savings institutions and credit unions, as well as institutions offering uninsured investment alternatives, including money market funds. Many competitors enjoy advantages, including greater financial resources, more aggressive marketing campaigns and better brand recognition and more branch locations. These competitors may offer higher interest rates, which could decrease the deposits that we attract or require us to increase rates to retain existing deposits or attract new deposits. Increased deposit competition could adversely affect our ability to generate the funds necessary for lending operations which could increase our cost of funds.We also compete with non-bank providers of financial services, such as brokerage firms, consumer finance companies, credit unions, insurance companies and governmental organizations which may offer more favorable terms. Some non-bank competitors are not subject to the same extensive regulations that govern banking operations. As a result, such non-bank competitors may have advantages over us in providing certain products and services. This competition may reduce or limitour margins on banking and non-banking services, reduce our market share and adversely affect our earnings and financial condition.The financial services industry could become even more competitive as a result of legislative, regulatory and technological changes and continued consolidation. Banks, securities firms and insurance companies can merge under the umbrella of a financial holding company, which can offer virtually any type of financial service, including banking, securities underwriting, insurance (both agency and underwriting) and merchant banking. Also, technology has lowered barriers to entry and made it possible for non-banks to offer products and services traditionally provided by banks, such as automatic transfer and automatic payment systems.We are party to various lawsuits incidental to our business. Litigation is subject to many uncertainties such that the expenses and ultimate exposure with respect to many of these matters cannot be ascertained.From time to time, customers and others make claims and take legal action pertaining to our performance of fiduciary responsibilities. Whether customer claims and legal action are founded or unfounded, if such claims and legal actions are not